Brisbane Airport, the Gateway to Queensland, has started construction on the final phase of runway development, of the new parralel runway. The first of the 100,000 tonnes of aircraft grade asphalt was laid on Thursday. This last layer of the runway is expected to add 100 millimetres onto the existing 3.1 meter depth of gravel and sand, with the final depth of the runway to be 3.2 metres. The runway will be 3.3 kilometres long, and 60 metres wide. This new asphalt, designed by Fulton Hogan, has been devised to not only be flexible, heat resistant, and introduce load spreading capability, but also be deformation resistant. Brisbane Airport has also stated that the entire project, which entails the 3.3 kilometre runway, 12 kilometres of taxiways, as well as 300 hectares of landscaping and a road underpass, has a total cost of AUD $1.2 Billion. The project will be completed by mid-2020. “Given that site preparation and reclamation works for the new runway commenced way back in July 2012, it is incredibly exciting to be reaching a point where the end of construction is now in sight,” Brisbane Airport runway project director Paul Coughlan said. Skyway, the joint venture set up between BMD Constructions Pty Ltd and CPB Contractors Pty Ltd, who have constructed the runway, have recorded over 2.2 million work hours, with an “outstanding safety record” for crew working at the site. This extension to the airport will double Brisbane Airport’s capacity, bringing the landing and take-off clearance rate to that of Hong Kong or Singapore’s Changi Airports.